In psoriasis, the skin is inflamed with an increased rate of skin cell turnover, resulting in thick scales on the skin surface. The scalp, back, elbows and knees are commonly affected, with red and scaly patches. Nails may show changes like small pits on the surface in up to 50% of people with psoriasis. Joint pains and swelling may occur in more extensive psoriasis.
1-2% of the population in Singapore have psoriasis. It usually starts in the 20s, has a delayed onset and seldom remits permanently.
Genes play a role in the development of psoriasis. Certain infections or medications can trigger psoriasis due to an imbalance in the immune system.
No it is not.
Not necessarily so. Only about 10% of people with psoriasis have a family member affected by psoriasis. Inherited genes do not always express disease without the appropriate environmental triggers.
No, you do not need to avoid any food. However, excessive alcohol consumption is best avoided.
It is best to avoid oral or injected steroid treatment. Although it helps to clear psoriasis very fast, it invariably results in a quick and severe rebound of the condition. There are multiple effective treatment options, speak to your dermatologist about your suitability for these treatments.